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Location

Siam is the name by which Thailand was known to the world until 1939 and again between 1945 and 1949. On May 11, 1949, an official proclamation changed the name of the country to "Prathet Thai", or "Thailand", by which it has since been known. The word "Thai" means "free", and therefore "Thailand" means "Land of the Free."

Geography:

The Kingdom of Thailand, located in Southeast Asia on the Gulf of Thailand and the Andaman Sea, shares boundaries with Myanmar (Burma) on the west and northwest, Laos on the east and northeast, Cambodia (Kampuchea) on the southeast, and Malaysia on the south. Thailand, although rich in rubber and in mineral resources, was never colonized by Europeans and has existed as a unified monarchy since 1350. The capital, Bangkok, an attractive blend of Western and Thai architecture, was established in 1782.

Thailand covers a land area of 513,115 square kilometers, and extends about 2,500 kilometers from north to south and 1,250 kilometers from east to west, with a coastline of approximately 1,840 kilometers on the Gulf of Thailand and 865 kilometers along the Indian Ocean.

Topography:

Thailand is divided into four natural regions:

The North
The Central Plains or Chao Phraya River Basin
The Northeast or the Korat Plateau
The South or the Southern Peninsula

  • Siam is the name by which Thailand was known to the world until 1939 and again between 1945 and 1949. On May 11, 1949, an official proclamation changed the...
  • The first truly Thai kingdom was established in 1238 amidst waning Khmer dominance of the region. The Thais prospered, religion and culture flourished and...
  • Thailand's culture is about mutual respect and politeness that binds the country's people together. Thai culture evolves largely around Buddhism and...
  • The climate is tropical with long hours of sunshine and high humidity. There are three seasons:Hot from March to JuneRainy from July to October Cool from...
  • The Thai economy is one of the most robust in Asia. In the 1960s it was a predominantly agricultural economy largely dependent on its rich produce of crops...
  • Though the great majority of Thailand's 60 mil1ion people are ethnical1y Thai and Buddhist, the country has a substantial number of minority groups who...
  • Public holidays in Thailand are regulated by the government, and most are observed by both the public and private sectors. There are usually sixteen public...

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