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Home | Thailand | Regions in Thailand | North Thailand
North Thailand

North Region consists of 17 provinces: Chiang Mai, Chiang Rai, Kamphaeng Phet, Lampang, Lamphun, Mae Hong Son, Nakhon Sawan, Nan, Phayao, Phetchabun, Phichit, Phitsanulok, Phrae, Sukhothai, Tak, Uthai Thani, Uttaradit.

The North is densely forested mountainous regions, inhabited by Thailand's many hilltribe people. Exploration of this beautiful area is possible by trekking, river rafting, mountain biking, and even elephant safaris. Chiang Mai is the main northern city and is a good base from which to explore the surrounding countryside.

Prior to the 13th century the northern region of Thailand existed as a number of separate states heavily influenced by f'Ion culture. At the beginning of the 13th century many Thai chieftans began to expand control over neighbouring states to create kingdoms. The most notable of these was King Mengrai of Chiang Saen who founded Chiang Rai then overthrew the Horripunchai Kingdom of lamphun and then later founded Chiang Mai (New Town) as the capital of vast new kingdom which was to become known as Lanna. The kingdom was so powerful that it lasted until the 16th century after which it came under control of Burma . Burmese control lasted for the next two hundred years until General Taksin reunited the northem Thai kingdom in 1775.

The extensive region of Cbiang Mai. Mae Hong Son and Lamphun consists of rugged mountain ranges with secluded valleys and river systems. Situated approximatf-ly 700 km north of Bangkok there are large expanses of rainforests. parts of which are protected by National Parks. The mountainous terrain ha~ created two ethnic divisions. those that live in the hills and those that live in the volleys or lowlands. Lying adjacent to the borders of Myanmar and Loei the region has a frontier feel with the relative inaccessibility ond isolation of many places tending to develop more localised communities. Due to the higher altitude the weather here is significantly cooler than Bangkok and the central plains. 

  • Popularly known as the Rose of the North, Chiang Mai is blessed with stunning natural beauty and unique indigenous cultural identity. The city was founded by...
  • The northernmost province of Thailand, Chiang Rai is situated on the Kok River basin 416 metres above sea level. With an area of some 11,678 square...
  • Geographically located in the Lower North on the bank of the Ping River, Kamphaeng Phet is 358 kilometres from Bangkok. To its East are riverine flatlands...
  • Famous for its horse-drawn carriages and with a rooster as its provincial emblem, Lampang boasts a long history of human settlements on the Wang River basin,...
  • Legend handed down for more than 1,400 years refer to this ancient town as Hariphunchai. Its first ruler was Queen Chamthewi who was of Mon extraction. In...
  • Nestled in a deep valley hemmed in by high mountain ranges, Mae Hong Son has long been isolated from the outside world. Virtually covered with mist...
  • Nakhon Sawan Province, also known as "Pak Nam Pho," is where the rivers of the Ping, Wang, Yom and Nan converge, to form the Chao Phraya River, the most...
  • A quiet and tranquil province, Nan nestles in a verdant valley in northern Thailand. About 668 kilometres from Bangkok, it covers an area of 11,472 square...
  • Virtually enveloped by mountains and valleys, Phayao is a  peaceful province. Though with only modest facilities and conveniences, it is an enchanting...
  • Situated right in the heart of the country some 346 kilometres from Bangkok, Phetchabun borders on three regions, the North, the Central and the Northeast....
  • Situated in the Lower North some 345 kilometres from Bangkok, Pichit is accessible by both road and rail. Nurtured by two rivers, the Yom and the Nan running...
  • A major tourist destination in the Lower North, Phitsanulok is situated on the banks of the Nan River some 377 kilometres from Bangkok. Most of the terrain...
  • An old and important community of Northern Thailand, Phrae was founded after Chiang Mai had been established as the capital of the Lanna Thai kingdom. With...
  • Founded in the 13 th century, Sukhothai (literally means "Dawn of Happiness") was the first truly independent Thai Kingdom, which enjoyed a golden age under...
  • Tak is a northern province covering an area of 16,406 largely mountainous square kilometres. The provincial capital is 426 kilometres north of Bangkok, and...
  • Uthai Thani is a province abundant in natural resources, such as forests and wildlife. "Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Reserve" here was proclaimed a Nautral World...
  • A Province in the Lower North, Uttradit has a long history, constantly developing through the years since pre-historic times.The site of the original town,...

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